Nowadays, mobile phones and cameras have lower and lower requirements for photographers, and they can shoot as long as they press the shutter. But if you want to add your own thoughts to your photos, it is also very important to learn a certain amount of photography knowledge.
The composition I understand is how you arrange the content of your photos before shooting, according to the theme of the shooting. It is to feel in the space you create, manage the relationship, discover the structure, and let the meaning you want to express emerge. Here are several common composition methods:
1. Rule of Thirds
2. Symmetric Expression
3. Ceter Your Subject
The central composition is very simple, that is, the subject is placed in the center of the picture. It is often used by novices and is the most stable method for composition. We can start from this composition law and then gradually add other composition methods.
In many cases, central composition is a good method to use, but many subjects may lack creativity, so learn to use multiple composition methods.The central composition is suitable for photographing objects such as buildings or central symmetry.
4. Leading Lines
5. Diagonal Lines
6. Keep the Background Simple
Photography is an art of subtraction. We constantly eliminate objects that are not relevant to the subject, making our picture more concise, easier to see the subject, highlight the subject, and more able to show the visual impact.
In the minimalist composition, white space will often be left in the picture, that is, clutter will be left empty to create a negative space for the audience to focus on the subject. At the same time, the minimalist picture will make people more comfortable and aesthetically pleasing.
7. Golden Ratio
We divide the picture of our camera into a certain proportion, and then subdivide it to get a curve. This is a golden spiral composition, such as the famous painting we are all familiar with, the Mona Lisa.
8. Rule of Odd Numbers
Research shows that people prefer odd Numbers to even Numbers when they see things, and I actually don't know why.For some reason, people feel more comfortable looking at photographs with an odd number of subjects, so we can use it to further enhance our composition.
Obviously, in some areas, such as wedding photos, it doesn't work.However, there are plenty of other situations where you can use this rule, such as photographing only three trees instead of four, or capturing five people instead of four.
9. Frame Within the Frame
Framing refers to the use of foreground objects to form a frame to create a sense of occlusion, so that people pay more attention to the scene inside the frame.
Foreground objects need to be differentiated with the subject, such as color contrast, light contrast, clear-fuzzy contrast, etc., so that people can know "this is not the subject" at a glance, so as to achieve the effect of ignoring the foreground and focusing on the subject.Frame scale is also important.Frame is too small, there is no sense of frame;The frame is too big, it becomes more distracting.
10. Change the Angle
Many cameras now flip over the screen, and SLRS are equipped with a handy real-time view feature, which makes it easy to take photos from unconventional angles.Don't always use the height of your eyes to expand the creation. Try to lower or raise the line of sight. You can get unexpected effects by shooting things from different angles.
After learning about simple photographic composition, you can practice with the following learning ideas, which will make it easier for you to master.Learning deeper knowledge on this basis will also be faster.
- Step 1: Memorize as many composition skills as possible, form a mental set, and know how to shoot in the same situation.
- Step 2: After a certain amount of accumulation, during the shooting, you should think about why the composition is so, what I want to express, what my idea is, and whether it would be better to change the Angle, direction or time.
- Step 3: When encountering the scenery before, take one photo with the composition that you are familiar with, and take several photos at the same time that are not of these composition, which can be selected in later stage.
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